Sambicoffee / Coffee sector



The story of coffee in general is based mainly on 2 legends.


The first tells the story of a shepherd, Kaldi, who was surprised by the liveliness and energy of these goats after they ate the red berries of an unknown shrub. Kaldi brought these red fruits to the monks of a nearby abbey. The monks boiled them up and found that the more they drank of their strange beverage, the more they could easily be awake to pray.


The second is that the Archangel Gabriel offered this drink to Muhammad to allow him to pray without being overcome by sleep. Feeling better, Muhammad called him "qahwa". (Arabic kahwa refers to an exciting) The drink is so good and miraculous that the Arab people adopt it as a custom for daily use.


Coffee plantations are introduced in the colonies, as well as in Burundi. The two main species of coffee are: Arabica and Robusta. 



A cup of coffee can only be enjoyed through a long process. The shrub is called the coffee tree. The flowering gives fruits first green and then the maturity is realized by a very red fruit.


In Burundi, the picking is totally done by hand which guarantees a very good quality of the harvest.


In fact, the pickers only take the fruits when they are perfectly ripe and red.


This technique is very effective and requires a daily harvest.


Elsewhere in the world, there is also the method of destemming.


It is a much faster and much less selective method of harvesting which results in lower quality coffees.


Stalking consists in picking the whole bunch of cherries on the coffee trees manually or even using machines. This process implies that the ripe fruits are mixed with much less mature fruits.


After the harvest, comes the time of sorting in which the cherries are separated from all unnecessary waste from the picking: branches, flowers, leaves. Then, we must proceed with the extraction of the grains of the fruit (extraction of the core of the cherry coffee). Here also 2 methods quite distinct from each other can be used. Each of the methods has an impact on the cost and quality of the coffees.


There are 2 different treatments of red cherries:


The sundried coffee is obtained by drying which consists of spreading the fruits in the sun and returning them by raking regularly. By this method the coffee obtained is called natural coffee.

The fully washed coffee is obtained by washing. The washing consists in placing the fruits in large vats filled with water, then passing them in different sieves to remove the pulp. This much more expensive method makes it possible to obtain coffees known as high quality washed coffees.


For more info, Cafex Washing station is specialized in specialty coffees and high quality fully washed coffees.

Once one of these 2 drying or washing processes have been carried out, it is necessary either to hull the sundried coffee, obtained by drying, or to hull the parchment coffee obtained by washing. This is where the hulling mills come in.


For more info on a hulling (dry) mill have a look at Ikawa Nziza dry mill.


The last step to obtain a cup of coffee from the previous step is the roasting of the green beans.


For More Info, have a look at Sambi coffee Roasting.


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Bujumbura, Burundi


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